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  1. Another potential is that your keyboard is sending the notes twice because the notes are contained in overlapping "layers." It would be useful to have more information about the MIDI messages that are being received, in particular the channel numbers. The overlapping layer issue will typically send the same note on two different channels.
  2. I think a more apt analogy exists in the world of commercial literature. It is generally understood that the author of a book is the source of the initial shape and substance of the work, and to credit him with the final form. But the role of the editor is much less obvious, and the role that the editor plays can vary dramatically. Like the music producer the editor's basic job is to make a final decision about the publication of the work, and to shepherd it through the publication process. He may enlist the assistance of illustrators, cover designers, copy editors etc. in the process as well. The editor may just check for factual errors, grammar, punctuation and lack of clarity, risk of libel etc. and not offer the author much other guidance. He may also perform tasks that have a major influence on the structure of the entire project. Some editors offer suggestions about basic organization, cutting and moving paragraphs or whole chapters. Some will request re-writes based on their own perception of how the reader will react to a basic theme, plot or character aspects so that in the final draft the remains of the original may be barely recognizable. Although the contributions of some talented editors of famous works are legendary among the literati, it is still the generally followed custom for the editor to remain officially unacknowledged, even when most of us would consider the editor's work to be co-authorship.
  3. It is still fairly easy to define a composer: a person who imagines and captures original musical ideas in a transmittable format. In recent centuries that usually means someone who wrote down the notes the performers would play, although music notation literacy is not required to transmit musical ideas. The composer was typically distinguished from the arranger: someone who takes a basic musical composition and modifies it to be played in different voices, styles etc. Those roles were often performed by the same person. And from the performer: the person who used some physical action to produce the sound. The same person could obviously be performing more than one of these tasks. Similarly it is fairly easy to get consensus on the terms recording engineer: the person who manages the technology to record a performance. Or a mixing engineer: the person who adjusts the levels and effects to produce the final mix. Or the mastering engineer: the person who managed the levels so that the stylus would not cut through into an adjacent groove on the wax master at the peaks while still producing a pleasantly audible signal on playback. I think it has never been clear how to define the record producer. A good attempt could be made by saying it is the person who is hired to have the final decision as to when the recording process is over, although for various reasons that decision may be made, in practice, by performers, financial managers or others. A more generous definition would be the person who has overall responsibility to manage the recording process offering whatever input he can get the other participants to accept. To the extent that he offers alternatives to the basic musical structure, he is acting as an arranger or co-composer. To the extent that he sits in, either in real time studio or in the box he may be acting as an engineer or even as a performer. The fact that one person is capable of performing many roles complicates the problem, but it does not mean that the specific roles are identical. Of late it has become the fashion to have the producer, which was formerly a more circumspect role often played by a recording house executive or assistant, claim credit for the recording. In the era of the superstar producer, it is difficult to say what specific roles are being taken, and it is to the producer's advantage to keep any limitation to his contribution hidden and take credit for everything.
  4. A "multitimbral" synth is just a "synth" (or sample playback application virtual instrument) capable of producing more than one voice/timber. It would be hard to find a synth that does not qualify these days--given that even dedicated single instrument packages often give you some flexibility to filter the sound and add effects. If you are looking for cheap and capable of playing a large variety of sounds you might want to pick up a free soundfont player and scouring the web for the thousands of soundfont samples available for free or very low cost. Google "free soundfont players" and "free soundfonts" and you will be very rapidly overwhelmed. Alternatively you can find plenty of free "samplers" (or sample players as not all of these applications actually allow you to record and edit your own samples) that will load standard sound file formats like wave and look for free or low cost sample libraries--these are probably more common these days than soundfonts. General MIDI is a spec that deliberately limits the number of "instruments" available and most implementations do not contain anything exotic. TTS-1 is a pretty capable general midi instrument, but it was designed to give newbies access to a bunch of instruments in an easy to manage package. I think most people are using it as a sketchpad rather than trying to wow their audience with its greatness. If you want to make a career out of mastering a truly massive instrument limited only by the imagination and the bank account , then you probably need to spend several hundred dollars on a monster like Kontakt, but the learning curve and price point for these "samplers" is high.
  5. Free to try in your case. Be sure that all of the same type of memory is populating the specific sockets assigned to the same channel. Some of the more recent UEFI's can correctly read the memory specs for two different speeds and run the two channels at appropriate speeds for the memory installed. If you mix them in the same channel the best you can hope for is that it may run all the memory at the speed of the slowest stick if it will run at all.
  6. That should work. When connected via DIN to a MIDI interface, the interface is typically seen as the MIDI input device--not the keyboard that is feeding it data.
  7. So Cakewalk sees the two identical controller identifiers as a single controller. Is that a Cakewalk issue or a Windows issue? If it is a Cakewalk specific problem, could interposing another application like MidiOx separate the devices by channel number? That kind of application can receive and filter or forward MIDI based on the channel it comes in on and send it to Cakewalk while appearing as a multichannel MIDI input to Cakewalk. I do not have a plethora of identical keyboards to experiment with this myself.
  8. DB's suggestion is indeed interesting, but I am struggling to see how a sample rate mismatch would result in lost data here. Cakewalk would be expected to record all of the data it received from the start to the time you manually stop the recording. From the description it sounds like your recording if continued to time plus 5 minutes would contain the full content, but that if you stop the recording at time plus 0 minutes the actual data that would have been contained in the last five minutes is missing. If what you are saying is that all the data that you intend to record is actually recorded and can be played back somewhere, but that the time it takes to play all the data back differs from the real world time it takes to record it--that would be an entirely different issue. I would certainly not describe alteration in playback time as the recording being "cut off" or truncated, but rather as play duration being shortened. That shortening of playback time problem could indeed come from a sample rate mismatch. Alternatively you could have extended the playback time via a sample rate issue and then somehow truncated the recording yourself by say transferring it to media or a system that allows a maximum of one hour to be recorded. In that case the recording that now should require time plus 5 minutes to play back has been cut in time to time plus 0 minutes and you have lost the data that should have been played back in the cut off last 5 minute portion of the file. In any case I would expect all of the data to have been recorded, and still available for playback in Cakewalk albeit at a different rate (and pitch) than expected.
  9. It certainly sounds like The Force is weak within it, and anything of value should be backed up elsewhere. SMART is not that sensitive to impending drive failure that is it has a high false negative rate. If you get a SMART warning you should take it seriously, but not getting one is no guarantee of trouble free operation. The fact that the drive does not show up at all on boot sometimes (but not always) suggests there may be a connection problem, and it would be worth trying the drive connected to known good power and data interfaces in the same or another computer to see if the behavior continues there.
  10. I do. And I remember paying $400 ( a bit more than a grand in inflation adjusted dollars) for a 10 MEGAbyte drive on my first computer. It is not clear whether masses of data were the driver or the consequence of cheap storage technology, but now for about the index price of Acronis you can buy a 1 TB drive and for ten bucks more a 2TB external drive.
  11. You are going to have to check with whoever licenses the software to see what re-sale options you have. In the US the courts have pretty much confirmed the "licensed not sold" argument. In some countries (last I checked Germany was one) the contract is not considered valid in that it limits your right to re-sell. Nonetheless, digital rights protection exists on a lot of software that will prevent you from installing/activating on a new computer without the licensor's cooperation regardless of the copyright issues. Companies that operate under laws that guarantee the right to sell usually have a mechanism to transfer the software to another individual for a fee, and to guarantee to that individual the right to use it. In the US you might have to give the buyer access to your account in order for him to use digitally protected software, which has other implications depending on what information the account holder will have access to. In addition you and he will be committing a fraud against the company if he is using your account pretending to be you with your assistance. Whenever possible most software developers try to make your "purchase" of the software irrevocable and nontransferable as they make more money on selling new software while yours goes into the trash can.
  12. Waiting for daddy to get home during another zombie apocalypse.
  13. No one is likely to make a motherboard focused mainly on audio--it it just too small a market relative to gaming. Gaming boards are likely to give you much more graphics than you need for audio, but otherwise are not bad as far as performance. Contemporary motherboards are usually more than adequate for the relatively low demand of audio work. Onboard WiFi can almost always be disabled if that is an issue--download and read the motherboard manual before you buy.
  14. First of all, do your monitors not have power switches? No need to waste electricity just because you are afraid your graphics driver will screw up if powered down. Turning them off at the power switch leaves everything else running unless you have a really weird setup. A USB stop might affect Cakewalk if you are using a peripheral (audio interface?) connected to them. Cakewalk might glitch if it tries to re-connect to an interface that is no longer available. Windows updates are notorious for re-setting your power options. Finding scheduled applications is not as easy as it sounds because some of them do not behave the way Windows expects. You can check to see if anything shows up in the Windows Task Scheduler--at least some programs will use that as a way to start. If you are leaving your computer running, then it may also be affected by programs on the network not just your computer, or by software on the computer calling home to reauthorize etc. So it might be wise to disconnect from the network to see if it affects the problem. https://windowsreport.com/schedule-tasks-windows-10/ You can find the logs that show what applications are doing unattended in the background under the Event Viewer. Not an easy tool to use, but worth the effort if a simpler solution can be found. You may get useful information from the logs that will tell you more specifically what problem Cakewalk is having when you try to start it up again as well as an indication of what applications may be coming onboard during "inactivity." https://www.howtogeek.com/school/using-windows-admin-tools-like-a-pro/lesson3/ I hibernate my Win 10 computer dozens of times a week without problems, so that is certainly an option. Hibernation generally puts the machine into a state that is resistant to messing up by other applications, but the scheduler will wake it up if that is set. Windows updates and some backup programs will do that on occasion. If you do not have space, you can move the hiberfil file to a bigger drive than C.
  15. It is unlikely that this is a drive failure. It sounds like something is timing out. In today's world of battery operated computers a lot of the default settings in software and even hardware are designed to detect user activity and shut off if there is no evidence that anyone is using it. Check Windows power settings to be sure that everything is set to always on or the equivalent. Make sure you are not using a "power saving" drive that will turn itself off without getting a message from the OS. Another possibility is that something is scheduled to run when there is no activity (software update etc.) and that they disconnect running applications when they come online. Check your schedules and your logs to see if anything unexpected started overnight. As a kludge while waiting to find the answer, try hibernating your computer rather than just leaving it running.
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